Book Description

The personal collection of Major General Strettell. Pashtun Invasion and Waziristan Campaign. 150 photographs. Many annotated to verso by Strettell. Approx 14cm x 8.5cm. 25 signed by Tundan to the negative. Tundan Razani, Afghani photographer from Kabul who accompanied the British troops. Including 38 by Hiro Photographer; 1 by Arora, signed to the negative; 1 by Rai, Quetta; 2 by Butani Bros., The Regimental Photographers, Bruce Road, Quetta; 3 Mehra and Sons, Peshawar; 2 by Narain, Robert Barracks, Quetta; "Johnny Stores" Camp Karachi; 2 by Lucknow Publishing; 2 by Mahatta. A number appear to be reconnaissance and troop photos taken by Strettell or his staff, including an unrecorded photo of the Westland Wapiti J9390 brought down by Tribesmen snipers. Commander Strettell's Rolls Royce car features in several of the photos. Peshawar provided access to an enormous photographic environment and photography flourished here in a highly sophisticated form. Some of the earliest photographs taken in Afghanistan were by photographers based in Peshawar. TOGETHER WITH Visitor's Book. Flagstaff House, Peshawar. Full morocco. Landscape octavo. (23 x 18cm). Gilt lettering to upper board. Inner gilt edge tooling. All edges gilt. Worn and cracked to spine and rubbed to corners and edges. Upper hinge reinforced with linen tape. Marbled endpapers. Bookplate Army and Navy C.S. Ltd. Stationery Dept. 105 Victoria Street, S.W.1. Pages ruled, in four columns: Name; Address; Arrival; Departure. Five photographs tipped in to verso ffep. Four further photographs tipped in. 218 signatures for Flagstaff House Peshawar between 1936 and 1941. Further signatures for Flagstaff House, Cherat, and The Polo Bungalow Bhopal, April 1941. The signatures of senior military officers and British Government agents, with their base address, and dates of arrival and departure at Peshawar HQ, at the Eastern end of the Khyber Pass, provide an exceptional and definitive primary source for historical research of the 1936-39 Waziristan Campaign and operations undertaken against the Faqir of Ipi. Signatories include Field Marshal Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, Major General Neil Charles Bannatyne, Major General Roland Dening, Major General Harold Victor Lewis, General Sir Henry Edward ap Rhys Pryce, Lieut-Col Sir William Kerr Fraser-Tytler, General Sir John Francis Stanhope Duke Coleridge, Major General Arthur Verney Hammond, Major-General Sir Charles Hamilton Boucher, Colonel Roland 'Tim' Debenham Inskip, Lieutenant-General Sir William Henry Goldney Baker, General Sir Harry Beauchamp Douglas Baird, Field Marshal Sir Claude John Eyre Auchinleck, Brigadier Eric Edward ("Chink") Dorman-Smith, (who changed his name to Eric Edward Dorman O'Gowan), later fictionalized by his friend Ernest Hemingway as the hero of Across the River and Into the Trees. A number of signatures as yet undeciphered. Major-General Sir Chauncy Batho Dashwood Strettell KCIE, CB (1881-1958) Commander of the Peshawar District, North West Frontier: the gateway to the Khyber Pass and Afghanistan. In 1901 Lieutenant Chauncy Dashwood Strettell arrived in Waziristan with the 13th Rajputs. He served for the 3rd Punjab Cavalry as part of the Punjab Frontier Force in the Waziristan Campaign of 1901-2 during the jihad declared by Pashtun Tribes following the demarcation of the Durand Line. Dashwood Strettell was in Burma as part of the Mnai-Hka expedition in 1912 and the Mesopotamia Expeditionary Force in 1916, returning in 1919 for the Third Anglo-Afghan War. He was Commandant of the Frontier Force from 1924. By 1934 Strettell was Major-General and Director of Movements in India from 1935. In 1936 he became Commander of the Peshawar District, the British Frontier Headquarters near the eastern end of the historic Khyber Pass, close to the border with Afghanistan. The Peshawar District Command covered Chitral, Landi Kotal, Char Bagh, Shagai, Ali Masjid, Nowshera, Bara Fort, Jhansi Post, Fort Milward, Fort Salop, Malakand, Dargai, Chakdara, Shabkadr-Aberzai, Cherat, Risalpur, Mardan. The photographs record terrain reconnaissance, troops, tribesmen, forts, roads, Khyber Pass, tunnels, camel trains, railways, aircraft, border posts, Military Camps etc etc. The Visitor's Book records the dated signatures of the military personnel commanding the Waziristan campaign of 1936–1939 against the guerrilla forces of the Pashtun nationalist ميرزاعلي خان وزیر‎ Mirzali Khan Wazir, who became known as the "Faqir of Ipi". By 1937, 40,000 troops were deployed to crush the guerrilla uprising in this difficult terrain of high mountains, wild landscape and extreme temperatures. Using a network of caves in this remote area ميرزاعلي خان وزیر‎ Mirzila Khan Wazir, the Faqir of Ipi evaded capture for decades and eventually died in 1960. In 1950 he was symbolically appointed as the first president of the "National Assembly for Pashtunistan". The revolt remains one of the most notable twentieth-century South Asian insurgencies.
Author Major-General Sir Chauncy Batho Dashwood Strettell, Commander of the Peshawar District NWF

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