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Book Description

Professional Papers of the Engineer Department, U.S. Army, No. 18. Vols 1-3+6 only. The Geological Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel was one of the most famous American explorations of the nineteenth century. The survey was conducted from 1867 to 1872, exploring the area along the fortieth parallel north from north-eastern California, through Nevada, to eastern Wyoming. The aim, as stated in the first volume of the expedition, was, ‘first a study and description of all natural resources of the mountain country near the Union and Central Pacific railroads: secondly, the completion of the continuous geological section across the wildest expansion of the great Cordilleran Mountain System’. Led by geologist Clarence King, other team members included: surveyor and engineer, James Terry Gardiner (1842-1912), geologists Samuel Franklin Emmons(1841-1911) and Arnold Hague (1840-1917) mining engineer and mineralogist, James Duncan Hague (1836-1908), cartographer Allen David Wilson (1844-1920), photographer Timothy H. O'Sullivan (c. 1840-1882) and landscape painter Gilbert Munger(1837-1903). As a result of the survey, seven volumes (1870-1878), one special volume and two large accompanying atlases were published. A major feature of volumes I-III, are the remarkable illustrations. Exceptionally fine lithographic plates of large landscapes and mining scenes were reproduced from photographs taken by the famous expedition photographer Timothy H. O'Sullivan. Through this work O'Sullivan is regarded as one of the pioneers in the field of geophotography. Chromolithographic plates were also produced after studies of the landscape painter Gilbert Munger [1837-1903], who spent two years with the survey, painting the Wasatch Mountains in Utah and the Cascade Mountains in northern California. All these images were accurately copied, lithographed, and printed by the noted lithographer Julius Bien (1826-1909) of New York. Volume six, Microscopical Petrography is by the German geologist and petrographer Prof Ferdinand Zirkel (1838-1912). Appointed chair of mineralogy at the University of Leipzig in 1870 Zirkel was a pioneer in microscopic petrography, studying thin slices of rock minerals under a microscope and noting their optical characteristics. Zirkel was engaged by Clarence King to study the rocks collected during the Exploration and 'carefully studied more than twenty-five hundred thin-sections under the microscope'. The sixth volume of the survey report, illustrated with 12 colour plates of section introduced microscopic petrography into the United States. [49458]
Dealer Notes
xii, 803; xiii, 890; xv, 647; xv, 297 pp., 28 plates, 12 maps; frontis, 25 plates; frontis, 37 plates; 12 plates, 4 vols. 4to, orig. cloth, short tear to head of spine vol.1. and rear joint of vol.2. Withdrawn from an institutional library, with neat stamps to verso of title page and plates. Lacks accompanying atlases to vol.1 and vol.3. All other plates + maps present as called for. Vol 6 has pasted label ' With the compliments of Clarence King U.S. Geologist' to endpaper.
Author KING, C.; HAGUE, A.; EMMONS, S.F.; HAGUE, J.D.; ZIRKEL, F.
Date 1870-1878
Publisher Government Printing Office: Washington
Condition Good

Price: £895.00

Offered by Pemberley Books

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