First edition, with an early state of the errata slip. J. Francis Walsh of Camden, NJ (b. 1855) had begun to study medicine in 1872 with Dr William Williams Keen (the first neurosurgeon in the United States, American Civil War army surgeon, an attending doctor to both Grover Cleveland and Franklin D. Roosevelt, and president of the Philadelphia School of Anatomy from 1875 to 1889) in Philadelphia and at the University of Pennsylvania, from where he graduated in 1876, winning the first prize. He then served in the hospitals and dispensaries of Philadelphia until he settled in Camden, New Jersey, in November 1878. For this essay on The Anatomy and Functions of the Muscles of the Hand he was awarded the Boylston Prize for 1897 (Department of Anatomy and Physiology), by the Boylston Medical Committee, Boston, MA.
The Anatomy and Functions of the Muscles of the Hand is based on evidence gathered from the dissection of fifty-three hands, and divided into six illustrated chapters, on the extensor tendons of the thumb; the muscles of the thumb; the functions of the abductor, flexor brevis and opponens pollicis; the muscles of the little finger; the interosseous muscles; and the lumbrical muscles. These are followed with a further six parallel chapters analysing and criticising other writers’ descriptions of the same muscle groups, which contrast Walsh’s findings with those of his intellectual predecessors, and the work concludes with a bibliography.
This book was presented by the author to the distinguished British anatomist and writer on art William Anderson FRCS, who studied at the Lambeth School of Art (where he won a medal for artistic anatomy) and then at St Thomas’s Hospital, where he studied surgery under Sir John Simon and Le Gros Clark, won several awards, and became surgical registrar and assistant demonstrator of anatomy. ‘His ability to illustrate his teaching of anatomy by drawing was admired by successive generations of students’ (ODNB), and in 1873 he was appointed professor of anatomy and surgery at the newly founded Imperial Naval Medical College at Tokyo, returning to St Thomas’s as senior lecturer on anatomy in 1880, attracting ‘a stream of Japanese students’ to the institution (loc. cit.). Anderson was also Examiner in Surgery for both the University of London and the Royal College of Surgeons of England, and in 1891 he was elected Professor of Anatomy at the Royal Academy. In 1896 he published on The Deformities of the Fingers and Toes, and it seems likely that Walsh would have sent Anderson this copy of his own book in recognition of that work, and that this copy then entered the University of London’s collections from the latter’s library, either as a gift or a bequest.
We have identified two states of the errata slip, which is tipped in opposite the title: the first (as here) lists three errata on pp. 12, 31, and 37; however, the last occurs on p. 43 (as stated by a pencil note, probably by Walsh, on the errata slip in this copy this copy) and not p. 37. In the second state of the errata slip, this page number is corrected to ‘43’ and a further erratum on p. 33 is added. This work is scarce in UK institutions, and COPAC only lists copies at Cambridge and the Royal College of Surgeons.