Valor Ecclesiasticus (1810)

Various / Unstated

"VALOR ECCLESIASTICUS: temp. Henr. VIII. auctoritate regia institutus." Volume 1[only, of 6)containing returns of the Dioceses of Canterbury; Rochester; Bath & Wells; Bristol; Chichester and London with three hand coloured folding maps by Arrowsmith) - Printed by George Eyre and Andrew Strahan, by command of His Majesty King George III in Pursuance of an Address of the House of Commons of Great Britain.

Published: George Eyre and Andrew Strahan (printers) of London

Date: 1810

"VALOR ECCLESIASTICUS":A survey of the finances of the church in England, Wales and English controlled parts of Ireland made in 1535 on the orders of Henry VIII. In 1534 King Henry broke with the Pope and by the Act of Supremacy made himself the supreme head of the church in his lands. One of his first actions in his new role was to impose taxes on the clergy. Taxes traditionally paid by clerics to the Pope were now to be given to him, and Henry also decided in late 1534 to create a new annual income tax of 10% on the income from all church lands and offices. To properly assess the new tax a survey of all church property and revenues had to be made. In January 1535 the government appointed commissions throughout the country to conduct the survey. All clergymen, parish priests, heads of monasteries, colleges, hospitals and other institutions under church auspices were commanded to give sworn testimony before their local commissioners as to their income, the lands their establishments owned and the revenues they received from all other sources. The commissioners were to examine documents and account books and from these and the testimony provide a full financial statement for every religious institution. The work of collecting the information was ordered to be completed by 30 May 1535 and the results sent in to the Exchequer in London. The commissioners were unpaid and untrained, mostly local gentry, mayors, magistrates, bishops and sheriffs but they approached the vast task with speed and, by the summer of 1535, the government had in its hands a detailed accounting of the property and wealth of the church. A slip is bound-in explaining that the 'General Introduction & General Map' will be delivered with the 'last volume' (but they are not present).

Latin Text. In 1800 an Address of the House of Commons requested that the "preservation, arrangement & more convenient use of Public Records" be facilitated by the reprinting of such records resulting in the publication in 1810 by order of King George III of this volume.

three hand coloured folding maps by Arrowsmith

good with light age-browning to some pages -

rebound in beige buckram with some fading to edge of covers


Offered by Bookbarrow