Grammatical Remarks on the Practical and Vulgar Dialect of the Indostan Language, commonly called Moors. With a vocabulary, English and Moors, ... The whole calculated for the common practice in Bengal. By Capt. George Hadley.

Published: London: Printed for T. Cadell,

Date: 1772

First edition, xvi, 133, [1]pp., with half-title, presentation inscription on front-endpaper from the author to George Burghhall, with armorial bookplate of George Burghall (His Majesty's Agent & Consort General, Tripoli West), margins of endpapers browned by turn-ins, cont. calf, corners rubbed, re-backed, raised bands ruled in gilt, red morocco title label.

George Hadley (d.1798) was an army officer in the East India Company and philologist. He was appointed an ensign in the East India Company's Bengal army on 17 November 1762. Sailing for India in 1763, where he was promoted to Lieutenant on 5 February 1764 and Captain on 26 July 1766. His new position proved difficult as he was unable to communicate with his soldiers, and there was no printed dictionary or grammar. As a result he compiled a grammar of Hindustani, the common language in the army camps and area where he was posted. Hadley originally compiled his grammar for personal use, but a copy which had been passed to a friend was published in 1771, in a corrupt form and without acknowledgement. On receiving a copy Hadley published a corrected version in 1772. George Hadley's dictionary was one of the first of the Urdu language, but was later followed by a large number of bilingual dictionaries.


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